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[HOWTO] install Finch BSD in chroot

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[HOWTO] install Finch BSD in chroot

#1

Post by dreamcat4 » 21 Mar 2014 22:00

Hello.
I am very pleased to announce:

The Finch Project has reached v1.00b and is officially released.
More information available at:

Project Homepage:
http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/

Jails Guide:
http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/jails-how-to/



Kind Regards

Dreamcat4
Developer of Finch.
Last edited by dreamcat4 on 22 Jul 2014 14:50, edited 3 times in total.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#2

Post by dreamcat4 » 21 Mar 2014 22:10

P.S.
The Finch tool can also be used for many other useful things (not just running jails). If you are a moderator please move this topic to a more appropriate forum.

Anything can be installed from FreeBSD's ports tree or the official FreeBSD pkg-ng repository (it is all automatically pre-configured and install to work on 9.2, when Finch is being installated).

Just a few suggested uses of FINCH:

* Reading freebsd man pages.
* Re-compiling your Kernel.
* Building NAS4Free on NAS4Free.
* Running virtualization tools such as VirtualBOX etc.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#3

Post by raulfg3 » 22 Mar 2014 08:10

some instructions and a simplified script like have "theBrig" to easy install on Nas4Free are wellcome.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#4

Post by dreamcat4 » 27 Mar 2014 21:03

Here are the steps for installing Finch:

http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/install

Then (after that) here is the FInch Jails How-To:

http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/jails-how-to/

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#5

Post by dreamcat4 » 27 Mar 2014 21:05

raulfg3 wrote:some instructions are wellcome.
To install Finch,

Code: Select all

/bin/sh
alias finch-bootstrap="fetch -q -o - http://git.io/HxXrsw | sh -s --"
finch-bootstrap install --dir "/path/to/finch"
Under normal conditions the default settings should be fine.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#6

Post by raulfg3 » 28 Mar 2014 09:03

thanks a lot , I do some test this weekend.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#7

Post by raulfg3 » 29 Mar 2014 17:48

I have errors installing finch:

Code: Select all

login as: root
root@192.168.1.250's password:
Last login: Sat Mar 29 17:14:49 2014
Welcome to NAS4Free!
anas: ~ # /bin/sh
# alias finch-bootstrap="fetch -q -o - http://git.io/HxXrsw | sh -s --"
# finch-bootstrap install --dir "mnt/NAS-A/Jail"

                           -=  Welcome to  =-
                 -------------------------------------
                  _______     __                __
                 |   _   |   |__.-----.   .----|  |--.
                 |.  |___|   |  |     |   |  __|     |
                 |.  __)     |__|__|__|   |____|__|__|
                 |:  |
                 |::.|     FreeBSD in a chroot
                 `---`     -------------------


Running preflight checks...

  ERROR  *********************************************************************
The variable $finch_realpath must be a fully specified path (start with a "/")

* The version of FreeBSD on this system is: "FreeBSD-9.1-RELEASE-p4"

  ERROR  *********************************************************************
This FreeBSD RELEASE is no longer supported by this script. Reason: pkg-ng.
Versions of FreeBSD prior to 9.2-RELEASE are emphatically not supported.
You should first upgrade the FreeBSD version of your host system. Then retry.
Newer versions of FreeBSD are publicly available. Go'on with ye, go'on I say!

* Querying filesystem at "."

* 1556 Megabytes free disk space.

 WARNING *********************************************************************
You don't seem to have enough disk space to install Finch FreeBSD. This is a
full-blown distribution, containing kernel, src and ports tree. On our test
system (FreeBSD 9.2, amd-64) a fresh install came to 4251 MB. However you
currently only have "1556" megabytes of free space.

Filesystem type is "ufs" for this volume. FreeBSD supports installations on
the ufs filesystem. So long as it's not a slow usb flash drive. HDDs & SSDs
only please.

Checking administrator accounts...

 WARNING *********************************************************************
Admin user: "dlna" - the shell: "/bin/csh" is not supported by Finch.

The Finch login profile requires a POSIX.2 or Bourne-type compatible shell.
Please use Bash (or FreeBSD's /bin/sh). Those are the shells we test with.

Full instructions to change dlna's login shell cat be found at:
* http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/install/#toc_2

Done.

******************************************************************************
Preflight checks completed.
2 errors, 2 warnings encountered.

Aborting installation.
Please read carefully the reported errors. Try to eliminate / fix them.
Or use "--force" to override and continue regardless (not recommended).

#
/mnt/NAS-A/Jail exist and have enough free space:

Code: Select all

# cd /mnt/NAS-A/Jail
# df
Filesystem                  1K-blocks   Used     Avail Capacity  Mounted on
/dev/ufsid/522c7e69161d5290   2030524 273752   1594332    15%    /
devfs                               1      1         0   100%    /dev
procfs                              4      4         0   100%    /proc
NAS-A                       114573163     33 114573130     0%    /mnt/NAS-A
NAS-A/Datos                 114573161     31 114573130     0%    /mnt/NAS-A/Datos
NAS-A/Jail                  114573161     31 114573130     0%    /mnt/NAS-A/Jail
#
do you need more info to continue test?
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#8

Post by raulfg3 » 29 Mar 2014 18:20

ok, I read carefully the log and see the error ( I have BSD 9.1), so I update to latest Nas4Free that is based on BSD 9.2 and repeat test.

Wait a moment...
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#9

Post by dreamcat4 » 29 Mar 2014 18:20

raulfg3 wrote:

Code: Select all

login as: root
# finch-bootstrap install --dir "mnt/NAS-A/Jail"
/mnt/NAS-A/Jail exist and have enough free space:
It seems like you need to type:

Code: Select all

finch-bootstrap install --dir "/mnt/NAS-A/Jail"
Or if you prefer:

Code: Select all

cd "/mnt/NAS-A"
finch-bootstrap install
To install it at "/mnt/NAS-A/finch". Perhaps a better folder name than "/Jail" given the name of the software? Of course, it does not matter which folder name is chosen, the the software should still be working OK.

B.T.W.

Another useful command is to move this folder any time after installation. It can do by typing "finch-bootstrap move -d <old_dir> -e <new_dir>". There is more infos (sorry no localization, English only) by typing: "finch-bootstrap --help" for these commands.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#10

Post by dreamcat4 » 29 Mar 2014 18:22

raulfg3 wrote:ok, I read carefully the log and see the error ( I have BSD 9.1), so I update to latest Nas4Free that is based on BSD 9.2 and repeat test.
Yes. Must be 9.2 minimum also.
Don't forget to backup / restore config.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#11

Post by MikeMac » 30 Mar 2014 08:57

I have installed sucessfully on current nas4free. Installftion had made on dedicated dataset, I am going actively use snapshots and roll back if something goes wrong.

After installation default shell for root was changed from tcsh to bash - not a big problem, but should be directly mentioned.

I had started playing from wdfs (does not work in jail). Installed sucessfully (but wdfs itself is not stable, not a Finch-conected problem)

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#12

Post by dreamcat4 » 30 Mar 2014 12:50

MikeMac wrote:After installation default shell for root was changed from tcsh to bash - not a big problem, but should be directly mentioned.
Thank you. That is a good suggestion.
This message is now displayed right before installation begins.

Code: Select all

 NOTICE **********************************************************************
Finch will automatically set your root shell to be BASH.

We prefer leave this decision to the user but NAS4Free does not let you 
configure your root account. The Finch login profile requires a POSIX.2 
compliant shell so we set your root shell to be BASH from now onwards. 
Apologies for any inconvenience. 
https://github.com/dreamcat4/finch/commit/b6e760807762

I like to recommend people make their own 'wheel' user for admin purpose. Then just use sudo or 'sudo su -l' when you want to do root things. Since if you make a wheel account, it is then possible to change the shell, home directory, etc. Many thanks.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#13

Post by raulfg3 » 30 Mar 2014 18:15

ok, this time , install works:

Code: Select all

login as: root
root@192.168.1.250's password:
Last login: Sun Mar 30 16:11:14 2014
Welcome to NAS4Free!
nas4free ~/ root~$ finch

 finch:
      Access the Finch FreeBSD chroot environment. `man finch` for more info.

 Usage:
      $ finch <command> [args]

 Commands:

      start     - Mount Finch and start it's rc.d services.
      stop      - Stop Finch's rc.d services and unmount "finch/dev".
      restart   - Same as `finch stop` followed by `finch start`.
      status    - Report on Finch service status (enabled/disabled).
      chroot    - Chroot into Finch FreeBSD (`chroot /path/to/finch`).
      export    - Map a new command into Finch exports (`finch export <cmd>`).
      -export   - Remove a command from Finch exports (`finch -export <cmd>`).
      <export>  - Run a command listed in Finch exports (`finch <export>`).
      update    - Update the Finch scripts (this program) to the latest version.
      refresh   - Refresh /finch/etc/ files (resolv.conf, localtime & passwd).
      bootstrap - Run the curl-based online installation script `finch-bootstrap                                                               `.
      realpath  - The real path to Finch ("$finch_realpath", "/path/to/finch").
      --version - Print the current version of Finch and exit.
      -h,--help - Display this message and exit.

 Realpath:
      /mnt/NAS-A/Jail

 Exports:
      man, pkg, qjail

 Version:
      1.00b, Sun Mar 30 13:23:41 UTC 2014.

 Bugs:
      Can be reported at http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/bugs

 Created by:
      Dreamcat4, dreamcat4@gmail.com (C 2014). FreeBSD License.

nas4free ~/ root~$ finch --version
finch: 1.00b, Sun Mar 30 13:23:41 UTC 2014.
nas4free ~/ root~$
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#14

Post by dreamcat4 » 30 Mar 2014 19:54

raulfg3 wrote:ok, this time , install works
That looks OK but to be 100% sure can you please email me your logfile? Don't worry, it's nothing important.

You can dump the install.log to your ssh window with this command:

Code: Select all

cat /mnt/NAS-A/Jail/var/log/finch/install.log

# and then for the other log files
cat /mnt/NAS-A/Jail/var/log/finch/boot.log
cat /mnt/NAS-A/Jail/var/log/finch/shutdown.log
Then I'd also like you to try typing the following command(s)

Code: Select all

finch update --yes --force
finch --version
because the version string is missing a small infos (git sha). ^ Updating Finch for the first time aught to correct that. Like I said, it isn't too important. Just be nice to know what happened there.

Thanks raulfg3

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#15

Post by raulfg3 » 30 Mar 2014 22:38

Ok, I'll do it tomorow, one more thing, Nas4Free shell menu is lose (8 or 9 option menu), so perhaps you can work in any way to recover it.

http://wiki.nas4free.org/doku.php?id=do ... ee_on_disk
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#16

Post by raulfg3 » 31 Mar 2014 16:26

dreamcat4 wrote:That looks OK but to be 100% sure can you please email me your logfile?
Finch_RFG.zip
system.zip

done.

if was better if recover the Nas4Free shell menu.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#17

Post by dreamcat4 » 31 Mar 2014 21:07

raulfg3 wrote:better if recover the Nas4Free shell menu.
Yep. I would also like to fix that too. But will take a bit longer to find out why the shell menu is playing up. b/c it does not happen on FreeNAS i'm gonna need to create a new VM for n4f to reproduce. Leave it with me. Have seen the issue happen before so know what to look out for. In the meantime, I think a temporary solution may be to reboot, and the console menu aught to come back again for a while, right ?

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#18

Post by dreamcat4 » 31 Mar 2014 22:10

raulfg3 wrote:
Finch_RFG.zip
done.
Well I'm sorry. There were some errors during installation and Finch hasn't installed correctly. (and the reason why you had some missing --version infos i asked about earlier).

It's hard to say for sure, but also looked like you had installed over the same location twice. That would happen for example if you rebooted nas4free during the installation. I cannot be so certain the about cause of 2nd error later on. It is very strange, and was not seen during testing. It might be because the first initial error. Or might be unrelated. Honestly don't know because never seen the 2nd issue ever before. It cannot hurt to run a small test and see if this command still works / fails:

Code: Select all

finch chroot
ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES=yes pkg install portmaster
What happens ?

Anyway. You can (if you wish) try re-installing finch again from scratch. But first it is very important to uninstall (delete) the old one totally. This command:

Code: Select all

finch bootstrap uninstall --dir /mnt/NAS-A/Jail
Will uninstall finch. So it can be installed again to the same location. Without risk such conflict of existing files. You cannot do very much because this bad installation anyway, so just delete it.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#19

Post by dreamcat4 » 31 Mar 2014 22:18

MikeMac wrote:I have installed sucessfully on current nas4free.
Raul had problems with his installation. Would appreciate it if you could email me your install.log also to compare. It would allow me to double-check that you didn't have any similar issue.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#20

Post by raulfg3 » 31 Mar 2014 23:01

dreamcat4 wrote: I think a temporary solution may be to reboot, and the console menu aught to come back again for a while, right ?
no sorry, reboot do not recover menu, I think that the problem is related to the change done in the shell from ?? to bash.

PD ??= sh?

I'll prefer to reinstall from scratch, thanks.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#21

Post by dreamcat4 » 31 Mar 2014 23:40

raulfg3 wrote:
dreamcat4 wrote: I think a temporary solution may be to reboot, and the console menu aught to come back again for a while, right ?
no sorry, reboot do not recover menu, I think that the problem is related to the change done in the shell from ?? to bash.

PD ??= sh?
No. ?? = was tcsh. But that isn't the shell used by the nas4free menu. It always uses /bin/sh no matter what the user's login shell. See here:

Code: Select all

# file: /etc/rc.initial
#!/bin/sh
...
# Check if console menu is disabled.
if configxml_isset "//system/disableconsolemenu"; then
	while : ; do
		printf "\n\n\33[31m%s\33[0m\n\n"  "*** Console Menu Disabled. ***"
		read tmp
	done
else
# print console menu
It should show the menu show (at least initially, may be scroll off the screen soon). So long as the setting "//system/disableconsolemenu" is not set in your config.xml. The bash shell is never used here so it must be a different reason.

So if you deleted finch and reboot, did the console menu come back again?

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#22

Post by raulfg3 » 01 Apr 2014 07:49

dreamcat4 wrote:So if you deleted finch and reboot, did the console menu come back again?
no, still without menu.

I can do a fresh install of Nas4Free and repeat steps if you need.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#23

Post by dreamcat4 » 01 Apr 2014 10:13

raulfg3 wrote: no, still without menu.
Well. It seems there are major 2 possibilities.

1) If the message "*** Console Menu Disabled. ***" is printed instead then it's just your NAS4Free config. Change the checkbox in the webUI.

2) If no message is seen like 1), then the script /etc/rc.initial is not being executed.

Finch does not have any reason to interfere with either of those mechanisms. It does print / echo / accept input from /dev/tty. But nothing else related to this. So that Is why I say "it might be scrolled of the screen".

I'm still concerned if this is a finch issue and will try to reproduce this in a VM. But so far the problem does not seem very much related to finch. You had to upgrade / reinstall nas4free from 9.1 to 9.2 at the same time. It just is not clear to me which one of those has caused this problem. But would be nice to know either way.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#24

Post by dreamcat4 » 01 Apr 2014 19:07

Fixed.
raulfg3 wrote:I think that the problem is related to the change done in the shell from ?? to bash.
You were right the first time raul. Hard to believe but yes - nas4free launch it's main menu from tcsh. The fix is done, will just do same thing for bash also. Existing users can update with "finch update". And new install - is also OK from now on.

Sorry I could not see before. Had to create a Virtual Machine to find / reproduce the problem. Did not see any other errors installing Finch (my install.log was fine). Tested on the the new build 947, available from zoon's server:

http://www.zoonsweb.nl/Latest_NAS4Free_Builds/

However it is not needed to reinstall NAS4Free yourself raul. All prior version of 9.2 should also be OK / fine. Sorry / apologies for any inconvenience.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#25

Post by raulfg3 » 01 Apr 2014 23:20

ok, I find the problem my CF is dead, I do a new fresh reinstal on a new CF and now all works ( including Nas4Free menu).

some files:
finch1.zip
finch commands.jpg
and finally some finch logs:
install.zip
boot.zip
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#26

Post by dreamcat4 » 01 Apr 2014 23:37

raulfg3 wrote:I do a new fresh reinstal on a new CF and now all works ( including Nas4Free menu).
some files ...
Ok raul. I checked your install.log file. It all looks fine now (same as mine was). You have everything installed. bash, qjail, full ports tree. No errors. Finch is available now. When you want to use it just type:

Code: Select all

finch chroot
and it is that easy.

To read a man page. Just type:

Code: Select all

man <manpage>
And it is that easy. All other docs / tutorial are on the Finch website. (for example making jails etc.). Thanks again for your help to improve the Finch software.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#27

Post by raulfg3 » 01 Apr 2014 23:41

thanks to you.
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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#28

Post by MikeMac » 24 Apr 2014 20:06

I had tried finch on beta nas4free on FreeBSD 10 - it works!

Try to install plex, could not start one, but I should invest more time

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#29

Post by dreamcat4 » 24 Apr 2014 22:08

MikeMac wrote:I had tried finch on beta nas4free on FreeBSD 10 - it works!

Try to install plex, could not start one, but I should invest more time
Great news MikeMac. Glad to hear it. Nearly everything should be as per regular / official FreeBSD while you're inside finch's environment ^>. For general support, I myself usually go to the FreeBSD forums, or the #freebsd irc channel on FreeNode. It is a very helpful community.

Just a quick question: can you email me your install.log file so it can be checked for errors r.e. the new Nas4Free / FreeBSD10 beta? Many thanks. I haven't had the chance to try it myself yet. My email address and instructions on where to find the finch install.log file are here: http://dreamcat4.github.io/finch/support/. If not, no worries then.

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Re: NEW PROJECT - FreeBSD in a chroot

#30

Post by MikeMac » 25 Apr 2014 16:17

dreamcat4 wrote: your install.log file
three log files here at rar archive http://yadi.sk/d/sCAJipW5NE2ca

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