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If XigmaNAS is in Alpha or Beta stage, it's then not a production release and it might contain bugs. You load valuable data onto XigmaNAS at your own risk. Always backup your data and especially your configuration file. Review the XigmaNAS license before working with XigmaNAS.

FAQs are all aimed at XigmaNAS versions 9 or higher, while many FAQs may still apply to versions < 9 we strongly recommend everyone upgrade as soon as possible. There is no good reason for anyone to be running a version below 11.2.0.4.xxxx.
If you see anything that needs correction / updating or have a contribution to make, please see How To Contribute.

Read all FAQs and you will never have to sing this song :!:


Column Headings:
Question: What you are trying to find an answer for.
Level: Refers to XigmaNAS / *nix knowledge and experience.

  • Basic - You are a XigmaNAS novice and have administered *nix systems for a year or less.
  • Advanced - You are on your 3rd XigmaNAS server and have administered *nix systems for more than 2 years.

Category: The XigmaNAS Forum area where you can find more help regarding a FAQ.
OS: The XigmaNAS OS version the FAQ applies to.

You can easily search this page with your browsers' “Find” command or by using the search box in the upper right corner.

FAQs Indexed Alphabetically

Q: Can I access my data / files remotely, over the Internet, particularly my CIFS/SMB (SAMBA) shares? Advanced CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I automatically backup my data to external, USB drives that mount automatically? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I create a software RAID1 array from a single drive that already has data on it? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a softwareRAID array from XigmaNAS CLI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a softwareRAID array from XigmaNAS GUI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a UFS filesystem from XigmaNAS CLI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I grow a UFS filesystem from XigmaNAS GUI? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I install FreeBSD ports on XigmaNAS ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I make more than one partition on a disk? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I make more than one partition on a RAID1 array? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I mount disks/file systems using labels instead of device names? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I move a hard drive between XigmaNAS and Windows and can Windows use a UFS formatted drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I recover deleted files and or directories? Basic Data recovery and backups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I sell a PC with XigmaNAS installed on it? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I upgrade from the Embedded 32bit version, installed on a hard drive, to 64bit version? Advanced Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can I use an NTFS, FAT, or EXT formatted drive with XigmaNAS? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
Q: Can I use mount_unionfs with ZFS drives? Advanced ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can XigmaNAS act as a print server? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Can XigmaNAS be infected by a virus, adware, malware, spyware, hacked, etc.? Basic Security Discussion ⇒ All versions
Q: Can you move / transfer / migrate the same 3 or 4 or 5, RAID5 drives to another XigmaNAS server and still maintain the data? Can you do this for SoftRAID1? Advanced Software RAID ⇒ All versions
Q: Do I need a php WebGUI interface to use a FreeBSD ports installed in XigmaNAS? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does XigmaNAS have a file checking utility like Windows' SCANDISK? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does XigmaNAS support Dual Core/Quad Core, virtualization, HyperThreading, SpeedStep? Basic Hardware ⇒ All versions
Q: Does XigmaNAS support nested / hybrid RAID levels like 10, 15, 50, etc.? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Does Quixplorer ( Tools > File Manager ) have a problem displaying symlinks? Advanced Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I backup my data by swapping disks or using snapshots if I am using SoftRAID1? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I change the default user Lighttpd runs as? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I check / see the size of my RAM drive or any mounted drive for that matter? Advanced Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I downgrade my XigmaNAS OS? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I easily, quickly and completely wipe / prepare a disk for use? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix "NT_STATUS_NO_SUCH_USER" errors? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix a mis-configured / messed up service or Daemon that prevents my system from booting? Advanced General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix file system damage that prevents me from mounting my UFS formatted drive? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix my drive / RAID array failing to mount after a power outage or similar, major crash? It was working great for months and now it just shows "ERROR - RETRY" or stops / freezes during boot.? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix the "Fatal Trap 18:Interger Divide Fault" error which prevents XigmaNAS booting? Basic Install NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I fix the "smb_pwd_check_ntlmv1: incorrect password length" errors I keep seeing in my logs? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I get root access to my system without logging in as "root"? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I identify which /dev is which physical hard drive? Which drive is which?!? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I install XigmaNAS without a DVD/CD drive? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.3.0.2
Q: How can I login and post on the XigmaNAS forum? Basic General Information ⇒ All versions
Q: How can I make sure people using my server via SSH / SFTP, FileZilla, WinSCP cannot see anything except their own folder / directory? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I recover or reset a lost or forgotten WebGUI or root username and/or password? Basic Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I run commands as root (sudo)? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I save or view logs when using Embedded or LiveCD platforms since the logs get erased at boot? Advanced Basic XigmaNAS Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I upgrade my XigmaNAS OS ? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How can I use the XigmaNAS Embedded.img.xz file? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.3.0.2
Q: How can I verify data copied / moved is accurate and not corrupted? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How come my script works in shell when invoked manually but not in CRON? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I copy all files from inside /mnt/File/ and place them inside /mnt/320gb/? Basic Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I easily set-up my server so I can read / write files and Windows clients using CIFS/SMB (SAMBA) don't have to login and can only read files? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix CNID related errors that make AFP shares unaccessible, why does AFP stop working? Basic AFP ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix errors "pid 2352 (smbd), uid 21 inumber 3006 on /: filesystem full" that appear in the logs? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "Can't load kernel" error I get when booting XigmaNAS installed on disk? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "GEOM: adn: corrupt or invalid GPT detected" and "GEOM: adn: GPT rejected -- may not be recoverable" errors that appear together in the logs or at boot time? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "GEOM: adn: the secondary GPT table is corrupt or invalid " errors that appear in the logs or at boot time? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "Interrupt Storm on IRQnn; throttling interrupt source" errors that appear in the logs? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "login name contains invalid characters" error on WebGUI Tab> Access Users Add ? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I fix the "WARNING: /mnt/MyStuff was not properly dismounted" errors that appear in the logs or at boot time? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I make sure my XigmaNAS server is secure? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I manually stop and start the WebGUI? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I manually stop and start the webserver? Advanced Webserver ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount my drives? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount the data partition on my OS drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I mount/map a CIFS/SMB/SAMBA/Windows share/shared folder on my XigmaNAS server? Advanced Scripts and shell tips ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I prevent Quixplorer ( Tools > File Manager ) being used as a back door to my server? Basic Security Discussion ⇒All versions
Q: How do I remove / replace a disk in a SoftRAID1 array ? Basic Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I remove / replace a disk in a SoftRAID5 array? Basic Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I remove / replace a failed disk in a ZFS array ? Basic ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do I upgrade/replace/clone my USB Flash drive/CF card running Embedded platform? Advanced Upgrade NAS4Free ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How do you set a file/directory creation mask in the CIFS/SMB service? Advanced CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How much do I have to pay to get and use XigmaNAS. Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: How often is XigmaNAS documentation updated? Basic General Information ⇒All versions
Q: I changed some ports and now cannot access the WebGUI, how do I fix this? Advanced General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: I've properly configured my network interface fwe0 but the server is not on the network, how do I fix this? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: If I install the "Full" platform (Full Installation) am I then able to configure the boot partition size(s)? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to create a RAID array using a slice or partition instead of the whole disk? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to extend the CF partition beyond 35 MB to take advantage of the additional capacity? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to set up XigmaNAS to send a email when a RAID array / disk is near full or degraded?? Advanced Basic Storage Concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is it possible to use the webserver (lighttpd) to host more than 1 website? Advanced Webserver ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is XigmaNAS a "turnkey system"? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is XigmaNAS DLNA certified or compliant? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a reason why a "Full" platform install won't work on CF? To the BIOS it just looks a HD. Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to encrypt passwords in config.xml? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to migrate or copy an installed OS to a new boot or different drive? Advanced Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there a way to secure / password protect the server console and drive data in case my XigmaNAS server is stolen? Basic Security Discussion ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to expand/grow a RAID array without having to backup and restore all my data? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to get an alarm or notification that my RAID array is degraded or my disk is getting full? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Is there any way to get the functionality of dRobo or XRaid2 or UnRAID in XigmaNAS? Advanced ZFS ( only! ) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Should I install "Embedded" or "Full" platform if I want to run XigmaNAS from hard-disk? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Should I use so called "Green" drives in a NAS system and what is WDIDLE? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are groups, how can I use them and what do they do? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are the advantages / disadvantages of Live CD / Embedded vs. Full platform? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What are the different shells I can assign to a user in 9.0.0.1 and when would I change this setting? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do if FreeBSD claims to support my hardware but XigmaNAS does not include the drivers I need? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do if FSCK cannot fix my file system and / or I get "Bad Inode Number", ""Bad Super Block" or "Magic Number" errors when running FSCK? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do to fix "WARNING - READ_DMA" errors that show up in the log? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What can I do to make sure my installation of XigmaNAS goes smoothly? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What do I have to select when I want to mount a partition or a software RAID array? Right now I get only "Error Retry". Basic Configuration ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What do I need to do to setup different file / folder access for my Windows clients / users? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What features will not be implemented in the main, core release ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is a XigmaNAS extension ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is a slice? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is and what causes "device name shifting syndrome" and how can I avoid or fix it? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is different about fsck_ufs when run on the command line vs. running it in the WebGUI? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the best way to backup & restore my XigmaNAS system partition? Basic Data recovery and backups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the best, safe way to enlarge a SoftwareRAID array? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the fastest way to copy my data from one XigmaNAS drive to another XigmaNAS drive? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the right port name for my UPS? Basic UPS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What Operating System is XigmaNAS based on? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What should I check before reporting a problem or posting a question in the Forum? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What should I take into consideration before adding / changing / upgrading controllers and / or Mother Boards, or BIOS settings that affect hard drives? Basic Upgrade XigmaNAS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What software are included in XigmaNAS? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What's the difference between LiveCD / Embedded vs. Full platform? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What's the difference between the .ISO and the .IMG files I can download to install XigmaNAS? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: When I tried drag and drop or copy and paste the server started transfer/copy then reboots/freezes/hangs. Is there a way to fix this? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list of hardware compatible with XigmaNAS/FreeBSD? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list of UPS ( Uninterruptible Power Supplies) / Battery Backup Units that are known to work with NAS4Free and Network UPS Tools? Basic UPS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find a list/images of hardware others have used to build XigmaNAS servers? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find really old versions of XigmaNAS? Basic Install & Upgrade ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where can I find release notes and change logs for alpha builds and major releases? Basic Developers ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Where I can find the official XigmaNAS license? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who are the developers of XigmaNAS? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who develops XigmaNAS extensions ? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Who should be responsible for creation and maintenance of plug-ins and/or extensions? Advanced Extensions / Add-ons ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are hard drives ( devices ) and partitions ( slices ) named the way they are? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are manual changes to configuration files (like SMB.CONF) not saved after a reboot? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why are some of my disks / RAID missing or not displayed properly in WebGUI after adding a new controller to the server, changing BIOS settings or changing to a new Mother Board? Basic Upgrade XigmaNAS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can I not login using Windows 7, 8 and Vista clients when XP clients work fine with CIFS/SMB? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can't I create files/directories from my Windows client, even though the manual states that after I enable CIFS/SMB I should be able to login to my XigmaNAS server by typing "\\MyServer"? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why can't I modify permissions in Quixplorer ( Advanced File Manager )? Basic CIFS/SMB (Samba) ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do I get "Broken pipe", "Failed to dd image" or "There was a problem while copying files" error when installing to a USB flash drive or CF card? Advanced Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do I see "ZFS WARNING: Recommended minimum RAM size is 512MB; expect unstable behavior." every boot? Basic Install XigmaNAS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why do iTunes/DAAP, UPnP or BitTorrent/Transmission crash with "filesystem full" error? Basic General Information ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does my configuration reset to the default after I reboot, even though I've installed XigmaNAS? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does XigmaNAS hang/freeze on boot/POST screen even though I successfully installed and formatted my drive? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why does Windows Explorer report wrong Free & Used space for shared drives? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why doesn't Quixplorer ( Tools > File Manager ) display file names properly in my language? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why doesn't the Dynamic DNS service work with my free DNS provider / service? Basic Dynamic DNS ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is booting from USB so slow and can it be made faster? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my / file system full? Advanced Basic NAS4Free Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my hardware NOT supported by XigmaNAS/FreeBSD ? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why IS my hardware supported by XigmaNAS/FreeBSD ? Basic Hardware ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is my RAID array degraded when all the drives report they are online, none of them are missing or appear to be bad? Advanced Software RAID ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the network speed so slow? Basic Networking Tune-up ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the size of my hard drive so much smaller than I think it should be? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why is the size of my OS hard drive only 738Gb or 992Gb even though I am installing XigmaNAS on the BIGGEST drive currently made? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Why won't someone write a device driver or provide support for my hardware? Basic Hardware ⇒All versions
Q: Will the XigmaNAS team make or write a device driver for my unsupported hardware if I ask nicely? Basic Hardware ⇒ All versions
Q: Why can't I format my disk / hard drive or create a ZFS pool with it? Advanced Basic storage concept ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: What is the wheel group and how do you add users to it? Basic Local users & groups ⇒9.0.0.1
Q: Which is best, hardware RAID, vs Software RAID, vs ZFS ? Basic Basic storage concept ⇒ All versions
documentation/faq.txt · Last modified: 2018/08/10 22:43 by zoon01