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documentation:setup_and_user_guide:network_interface_lan [2012/04/24 17:18]
zoon01
documentation:setup_and_user_guide:network_interface_lan [2018/09/30 22:53] (current)
zoon01
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 ====== Network Settings ====== ====== Network Settings ======
  
-The following additional Network configurations are not mandatory for the operation of NAS4Free, but may be required in some network configurations.+The following additional Network configurations are not mandatory for the operation of XigmaNAS, but may be required in some network configurations.
  
 ===== Ethernet Interface properties ===== ===== Ethernet Interface properties =====
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 {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.edit.png|}} {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.edit.png|}}
 +
  
 On this page you can configure IP addressing type: DHCP or static. On this page you can configure IP addressing type: DHCP or static.
-Note: In both situations(Static or DHCP) you must set the DNS manually.+Note: If you use DHCP the Gateway will be provided by your DHCP server. //If you are not using DHCP you must set the Gateway manually// and this should have been done during the initial server configuration at the console. In both situations(Static or DHCP) you must set the DNS manually. 
  
 MTU size: Useful for enabling Jumbo frame support (if your NIC support it). MTU size: Useful for enabling Jumbo frame support (if your NIC support it).
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 In addition to the LAN interface, additional Ethernet Interfaces can be defined, if required. This can be either wired Ethernet interface or Wireless interfaces. See section 5.2.3 for more information relating to wireless LAN interfaces. In addition to the LAN interface, additional Ethernet Interfaces can be defined, if required. This can be either wired Ethernet interface or Wireless interfaces. See section 5.2.3 for more information relating to wireless LAN interfaces.
  
-The additional interfaces may be used to administer NAS4Free or to access the shares, so it can be a useful redundant interface to NAS4Free for either function. +The additional interfaces may be used to administer XigmaNAS or to access the shares, so it can be a useful redundant interface to XigmaNAS for either function. 
  
 The additional Ethernet Interface can be within the existing LAN subnet or on a completely different subnet depending on your networks configuration. Where the additional interface is on a different subnet to that of the LAN interface, additional static routes may be required to facilitate connections to the other subnet, for example, the other subnet’s gateway and beyond. The additional Ethernet Interface can be within the existing LAN subnet or on a completely different subnet depending on your networks configuration. Where the additional interface is on a different subnet to that of the LAN interface, additional static routes may be required to facilitate connections to the other subnet, for example, the other subnet’s gateway and beyond.
  
-Before adding an additional Ethernet Interface to NAS4Free, ensure that the additional interfaces are installed when NAS4Free is booted. +Before adding an additional Ethernet Interface to XigmaNAS, ensure that the additional interfaces are installed when XigmaNAS is booted. 
  
-To add an additional interface, go to the Interfaces (assign) page. If your additional Ethernet interface is recognised, you will have a {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_basic.add.gif|}}  alongside the standard display, as shown below. If you do not have a {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_basic.add.gif|}} on this display, your interface is either not correctly installed or not recognised by NAS4Free.+To add an additional interface, go to the Interfaces (assign) page. If your additional Ethernet interface is recognised, you will have a {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_basic.add.gif|}}  alongside the standard display, as shown below. If you do not have a {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_basic.add.gif|}} on this display, your interface is either not correctly installed or not recognised by XigmaNAS.
  
 {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.add.png|}} {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.add.png|}}
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 {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.assign.png|}} {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.lan.assign.png|}}
 +
  
 OPT1 is the default name of the interface, and this can be customized. Once OPT1 is configured you will notice an additional level under Interfaces (assign) called OPT1. OPT1 is the default name of the interface, and this can be customized. Once OPT1 is configured you will notice an additional level under Interfaces (assign) called OPT1.
  
-Click Save and reboot NAS4Free to ensure the additional interface is recognised. You can reboot NAS4Free via the Diagnostics/Reboot System page.+Click Save and reboot XigmaNAS to ensure the additional interface is recognised. You can reboot XigmaNAS via the Diagnostics/Reboot System page.
  
-Once NAS4Free is again operational, you can configure the OPT1 interface and rename it to something more relevant to your network.+Once XigmaNAS is again operational, you can configure the OPT1 interface and rename it to something more relevant to your network.
  
 As per the display shown below, As per the display shown below,
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 {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.opt.edit.png|}} {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.opt.edit.png|}}
 +
  
 Security Note on additional interfaces: Security Note on additional interfaces:
-NAS4Free does not provide any routing between Ethernet interfaces, so any potential security risks of ‘joining’ two networks via NAS4Free should be limited. But, there is always the potential for virus infected files stored on NAS4Free to be accessible from either network, and so, it is important that a current and up to date anti-virus application is able to scan all files stored on NAS4Free, from time to time. Is not a case of viruses ‘jumping’ from one network to another, its more likely that a user on one network will save a file on NAS4Free and then that is access by another user on the other network. +XigmaNAS does not provide any routing between Ethernet interfaces, so any potential security risks of ‘joining’ two networks via XigmaNAS should be limited. But, there is always the potential for virus infected files stored on XigmaNAS to be accessible from either network, and so, it is important that a current and up to date anti-virus application is able to scan all files stored on XigmaNAS, from time to time. Is not a case of viruses ‘jumping’ from one network to another, its more likely that a user on one network will save a file on XigmaNAS and then that is access by another user on the other network.
- +
-===== Wireless LAN interfaces ===== +
- +
-If a Wireless NIC is identified by the NAS4Free server, then you can configure this interface to access NAS4Free.  +
- +
-Note: Do not configure a wireless interface as Primary network interface for FreeNAS. +
- +
-//**(More detail to follow here)**// +
- +
-{{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.wireless1.png|}} +
- +
-{{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.wireless2.png|}} +
- +
-===== Default Gateway ===== +
- +
-If you have a Default Gateway in your network, you may need to configure the Default Gateway within NAS4Free. You may also need to configure the Default Gateway to permit NAS4Free to connect to NTP time servers. +
- +
-Using the Navigation Tree on the Left Hand side of the screen, select //Interfaces/LAN//   +
- +
-{{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_lan.gateway.png|}} +
- +
-Configure the address your //Default Gateway//. (192.168.80.254, in this example)  +
-If you change your Default Gateway, or select Save at this point, you will be prompted to reboot the NAS4Free server with the following message: +
- +
-"The changes have been saved. You must reboot your NAS for changes to take effect."+
  
-To Reboot the NAS4Free server, Expand the Diagnostics item in the Navigation Tree, select Reboot System and select Yes. The NAS4Free PC will reboot. 
  
-Once the NAS4Free server is rebooted, again point your web browser at the FreeNAS PC. 
-You should be presented with the System Status page again. Login if prompted. 
  
 ===== Static Routes ===== ===== Static Routes =====
    
-In most LAN environments, a single LAN interface will be used (the LAN interface) and its default gateway will provide the interface to other networks. Where multiple LAN interfaces are configured in NAS4Free, then additional static routes may be needed in FreeNAS to permit network traffic to the other networks.+In most LAN environments, a single LAN interface will be used (the LAN interface) and its default gateway will provide the interface to other networks. Where multiple LAN interfaces are configured in XigmaNAS, then additional static routes may be needed in XigmaNAS to permit network traffic to the other networks.
 Note: This configuration is usually not required unless you have to direct traffic from one subnet via another. Note: This configuration is usually not required unless you have to direct traffic from one subnet via another.
  
 In the example below the interface ‘LAN’ has the IP Address of 192.168.80.130 and its default gateway is 192.168.80.254, my Internet router. In the example below the interface ‘LAN’ has the IP Address of 192.168.80.130 and its default gateway is 192.168.80.254, my Internet router.
-I have another router with a local address of 192.168.80.2 that is connect to another network (10.1.1.0/24). In order for FreeNAS to direct traffic to the 10.1.1.0/24 network, a static route is configured directing any 10.1.1.0/24 traffic to the 192.168.80.2 (local router to its remote network) via the LAN NIC.+I have another router with a local address of 192.168.80.2 that is connect to another network (10.1.1.0/24). In order for XigmaNAS to direct traffic to the 10.1.1.0/24 network, a static route is configured directing any 10.1.1.0/24 traffic to the 192.168.80.2 (local router to its remote network) via the LAN NIC.
  
 {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.static.routes.png|}} {{:wiki:documentation_setup_and_user_guide_net.static.routes.png|}}
  
documentation/setup_and_user_guide/network_interface_lan.1335280719.txt.gz · Last modified: 2018/07/08 17:48 (external edit)