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Disks must be added before they can be formatted and mounted or configured in a RAID array.

All disks that you wish to configure in XigmaNAS should ideally be connected when XigmaNAS boots up, although external USB drives may be connected once XigmaNAS is running.

Do not remove USB drives once mounted in XigmaNAS otherwise a reboot may occur.

The High-Level process flow for configuring a visible share in XigmaNAS is:

  1. Add Disks
  2. Format Disks (if required) in UFS filesystem
  3. Add Mount Point
  4. Enable Services (CIFS, FTP, etc.)

To remove a disk, you must delete the Mount Point first and remove the disk after.

Please ensure you add disks and test each of them before attempting to configure disks in any RAID configuration.

Adding a disk or CD/DVD drive

To add a disk, open the Disks/Management page and click the on the right hand side of the Display area

In the drop down, select a disk drive. In this example, we will select ada1.

FOR USB OR COMPACT FLASH INSTALLATIONS (ref section 3.2) Do not add the XigmaNAS boot drive (in this example ad0) Adding the XigmaNAS Boot drive WILL affect the operation of XigmaNAS, and also incorrectly permits the boot drive to be formatted and mounted, which is then not accessible as a share. (In this example ad0 is the XigmaNAS boot drive)
You can add the boot hard-drive ONLY if you need to take advantage of XigmaNAS power saving configuration.

FOR TWO PARTITION HARD DRIVE INSTALLATIONS, where you want to share the capacity of a single hard drive between XigmaNAS and storage, you can add the XigmaNAS boot drive (ada0 in this example)

For information about the Hard Disk Standby Time, Advanced Power Management and Acoustic Level setting, please refer to section 5.4. For the moment, leave these as default.

For the ‘Preformatted FS”: Leave it as default for new disk, or set it to NTFS/EXT2 or FAT32 for existing disk. Anyway, it’s an information field that don’t impact the comportment of XigmaNAS.

Click the Add button. Continue to add additional disks as required. The Disk/s should appear in the table and the Status should show ONLINE as illustrated below.

Click the Apply Changes button and if successful, the following message will be displayed.

Formatting a Disk

If you have an existing disk with existing data on it - DO NOT FORMAT THE DISK, it WILL erase all the data. If you have a disk that you want to clean out and format for Read/Write Access, Initialise the disk, as described next.

For two partition hard drive installations, where you want to share the capacity of a single hard drive between XigmaNAS and storage, you do not have to format the disk, this was already done for you back in the console setup. The storage partition is already formatted as UFS.

Click on the Disks/Format page and in the dropdown; select the drive you want to format.

Only Disks that you have added appear in the drop down list

In this example we will configure the disk for normal use using the native FreeBSD UFS filesystem.

Leave the File system setting as UFS (GPT and Soft Updates) and leave the minimum free space at the default value.

In the Display area, information similar to the following should be displayed. The amount of data and the content will different in your case.

Erasing MBR and all partitions.
Destroying old GPT information:
Creating GPT partition:
/dev/ada1p1 added
Creating filesystem with 'Soft Updates':
/dev/ad1ap1: 100.0MB (204732 sectors) block size 16384, fragment size 2048
	using 4 cylinder groups of 25.00MB, 1600 blks, 3200 inodes.
	with soft updates
super-block backups (for fsck -b #) at:
 160, 376512, 752864, 1129216, 1505568, 1881920, 2258272, 2634624, 3010976,
 3387328, 3763680, 4140032, 4516384, 4892736, 5269088, 5645440, 6021792,
 6398144, 6774496, 7150848, 7527200, 7903552, 8279904, 8656256, 9032608,
 9408960, 9785312, 10161664, 10538016, 10914368, 11290720, 11667072, 12043424,
 12419776, 12796128, 13172480, 13548832, 13925184, 14301536, 14677888,

 813296832, 813673184, 814049536, 814425888, 814802240, 815178592, 815554944,
 815931296, 816307648, 816684000, 817060352, 817436704, 817813056, 818189408,
 818565760, 818942112, 819318464, 819694816, 820071168, 820447520, 820823872,
1045506016, 1045882368, 1046258720, 1046635072, 1047011424, 1047387776,
 1047764128, 1048140480, 1048516832

If you have previously added other disks, then select the additional disks and format them as well, if required.

Formatting hardware RAID may require you select: “don’t erase the MBR” (Some hardware RAID controllers store information’s on the disks MBR)

Mounting a disk

Once a disk is formatted it needs to be mounted before it can be used. Go to the Disks/Mount Point page and Click the on the right hand side and in the Disk drop down, select the drive that you previously added and formatted (Raid5 in this example).

Partition Description
EFI GPTIt's the default XigmaNAS method when initializing a drive. This method permits support for volumes bigger than 2TB.
1For MBR partition n°1 or for software RAID array (created with XigmaNAS release newer than the 0.68)
2For MBR partition n°2 (If you used the same drive for XigmaNAS and for the DATA, don’t forget to select the partition 2)
3-4For MBR partition n°3 to 4: To be used only for adding existing disk to XigmaNAS
CD/DVDFor CD/DVD ROM (no partition)
Previous software RAIDUsed to mount Software RAID array created with XigmaNAS releases older than the 0.68
File system Description
UFSNAS4Free (FreeBSD) native disk
FATFAT16 or FAT32 drive
CD/DVDUsed for CD/DVD ROM with the cd9660 filesystem
NTFSFor Windows XP/2000/2003/Vista native hard drive
EXT2For Linux EXT2 or EXT3 drive

Mount point name: Name that you want to appear on the network (Raid5, in this example). Supports Linux standards, a-z, A-Z, 0-9, - (dash), _ (underscore) characters.

Description: Enter a description for the share.

Click Save and the disk should appear in the table with a Status of Configuring. If you have additional disks you have previously Added and Formatted, then you can also mount these now.

Click Apply Changes and a 'Changes have been applied successfully' message should be seen. Drive Status should now show OK

Depending on the size of the Disk/s, mounting may take some time to complete. During ‘Applying Changes’, ALL shares are temporarily offline.
documentation/setup_and_user_guide/setup_drives.txt · Last modified: 2018/09/30 23:43 by zoon01

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